Rizvi A swarm of criticism has been leveled against Mona Eltahawy’s recent Foreign Policy cover story on the state of women in the Arab world. Some of it has been ridiculous, like Samia Errazzouki’s allegation that the cover photo and story was “degrading” to women who wear the niqab which would be a little like eating a sandwich that’s already in your stomach. Some has been reasonable, like from Nesrine Malik in the Guardian, who asserts that no man is born hating women, and the fight should not be aimed at men, but at the patriarchal system that both men and women subscribe to. But when I came across Max Fisher’s piece in The Atlantic on the “real” roots of sexism in the Middle East it’s not Islam, race, or hate, he says , I felt as if the conversation had gone from merely ignoring the elephant in the room to outrightly denying that it even takes up any space. But I also can’t be naive enough to dismiss or even downplay one of the major, central forces driving it. Saying that sexism and misogyny in the Middle East has “nothing to do” with Islam or any Abrahamic religion for that matter is symptomatic of either denial or fear.
Meet Middle Eastern Men
While writing this paper I learned many things that surprised me about online dating here in America. One of these sites, called et3arraf, claims to have been the first Middle Eastern dating platform. To be sure, the core cultural concerns about dating and sex remain. Learning how widespread this was in my country, I became curious of what online dating was like in other parts of the world, specifically the Middle East. Beginning with the oil boom in the s, many Arab families became increasingly fragmented as people moved to the Gulf for lucrative jobs.
It lies in the center of the Middle East, sharing its northern border with Syria, eastern border with Iraq, it’s southern and eastern borders with Saudi Arabia, and western .
Israel’s family life was dominated by the husband Pedersen, p. When a marriage occurred the husband took his wife from her home and “ruled” over her, following the pattern of Genesis 3: To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your pangs in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children, yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you. Yet the Israelites “never went so far as the Muhammadan poet who says that mothers of mankind are only ‘vessels’ which receive the children without leaving any impress on them” Pedersen, p.
Because the husband was the dominant member of the family, he was given the title of lib Ba’al which meant “lord”, “master of the house”, “leader of the family circle” and not “master” which would have been ]da “Adon” Compare 2 Kings 5: The fact that some men remained single was an anomaly in ancient Israel, as we learn from Jeremiah After all, it “is not good for the man to be alone”, and a good wife is a gift from Yahweh Pro. We have, so far as I know, no reports of women who are commanded to remain single in Ancient Israel.
Marriage was the norm. The wife was to be taken from within the larger family circle usually at the outset of puberty or around the age of 13 in order to maintain the purity of the family line; but she could not be too closely related as is shown by Leviticus You shall not do as they do in the land of Egypt, where you lived, and you shall not do as they do in the land of Canaan, to which I am bringing you.
You shall not follow their statutes. My ordinances you shall observe and my statutes you shall keep, following them: I am the Lord your God.
The Gate to Marriage: Benefits and Detriments of Arranged Marriage
Eastern Questions[ edit ] At the beginning of the 19th century the Ottoman Empire included all of the Balkan Peninsula south to the southern edge of the Hungarian Plain , but by had lost all of it except Constantinople and Eastern Thrace to the rise of Balkan nationalism , which saw the independence of Greece , Serbia , the Danubian Principalities and Bulgaria. Up until the Ottomans retained a band of territory including Albania , Macedonia and Southern Thrace , which were lost in the two Balkan Wars of — The Near East as defined as the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the Eastern Question The Ottoman Empire, believed to be about to collapse, was portrayed in the press as the ” sick man of Europe “.
The Balkan states, with the partial exception of Bosnia and Albania , were primarily Christian, as was the Arab zone of Lebanon. Starting in the Ottomans struck at the Armenians on the explicit grounds that they were a non-Muslim people and as such were a potential threat to the Muslim empire within which they resided[ citation needed ]. The Hamidian Massacres aroused the indignation of the entire Christian world.
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However, before the Shah was removed from power, Iranian culture was quite progressive and Westernized. Many Iranians who enjoyed considerable freedoms before never gave up their desire for Western culture and still try to enjoy it behind closed doors. For most of us who perceive Iranians as radical or completely devout, the reality is actually quite shocking. The official punishment for consuming alcohol in Iran is 80 lashes , a barbaric punishment that millions of citizens risk every year just so they can drink.
These draconian laws were first put into place in when the shah was overthrown, and Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini came to power. In addition to smuggled alcohol, there is a huge domestic industry that produces alcohol illicitly. Many of those who drink in Iran also drive drunk. In , 26 percent of Tehran drivers were drunk when given alcohol tests during the one-month period from April 20 to May The number of alcohol abusers in Iran is stunning. According to the World Health Organization, the number of people who drink more than 35 liters 9 gal of alcohol a year is enough to rank Iran 19th in the world—ahead of Russia, Germany, Britain, and even the US.
Alcohol is especially popular with young people, who see it as a way to escape their highly restricted lives. In , though, Iran permitted the opening of new treatment centers to help deal with the problem.
Top 10 Differences Between Eastern and Western Cultures
Pregnant women have been known to crave them along with ice cream. Pickles have been around for thousands of years, dating as far back as BC when cucumbers from their native India were pickled in the Tigris Valley. Throughout history pickling was a necessity, as it was the best way to preserve food for a long period of time. As one of the earliest mobile foods, pickles filled the stomachs of hungry sailors and travelers, while also providing families with a source of food during the cold winter months.
Pickles are created by immersing fresh fruits or vegetables in an acidic liquid or saltwater brine until they are no longer considered raw or vulnerable to spoilage. When we think of pickles, cucumbers commonly come to mind.
Although similar in many aspects, the institution of marriage varies across the many cultures of the Middle East. Several factors contribute to the diversity in the area, ranging from one’s immediate family, or tribe in some regions, to the country one might have been raised in. Religiously speaking, marriage is a fundamental aspect of Islam, the dominant religion in the region.
It is hard to believe that my first big day romance-wise happened in a country that I am not from and with a guy who is not Chinese. But I think it just made the whole thing fun, cool and memorable. And he was right. Why do Americans have these big relationship talks? Two American girls talk about their experiences having “the talk” Well, there are so many types of relationships in the U.
Both people have to agree if they are already in or want to move into a relationship, which determines whether they do the V-Day thing together. The hosts said that this was normal – the guy and girl did not have the exclusivity talk to figure out where they were in the relationship, and obviously they were not on the same page.
So she got hurt.
What I’ve Learned From An Eastern European Girlfriend
Brown David is a lifelong dissident and intellectual rebel. He despises political correctness, which replaces real, needy victims with narcissistic leftists out for a free meal. Though still a young man, he has watched society descend into its present morass with great sadness, combined with a determination to help make things better.
In Southern Europe, the Middle East, and Latin America, much more physical contact usually is expected and desired. Cultural Use of Space Culture also tells us how to organize space in such a way as to control the nature of interaction.
If you plan to travel to this region for leisure or business, be aware of the values and beliefs that differ from those in Western countries. Religion When trying to understand Arabic values you need to take into account the effect of Islam on Arabian society. Although there are other religious groups, the majority religion in the area is Islam, and it plays a central role in influencing culture. The Koran is its principle text, which Muslims believe god revealed to the Prophet Mohammed through the Angel Gabriel.
It is one of the foundations of Islamic law. Islamic law is also known as Sharia, and it has become part of the constitutions and secular laws of most countries. Some places, such as Saudi Arabia use Sharia law for all areas of jurisprudence. According to the Islamic Supreme Council , Sharia is divided into five major sections: Establishment of justice Upholding public and private morality Preventing hardship on individuals and society Preventing oppression Each Arab country interprets Islamic law differently; some follow it more strictly than others.
Countries which adhere to extreme interpretations of Sharia, such as stoning, capital punishment and cutting off the hands of thieves, tend to make headlines in the West. This can cause the misconception that these actions are the norm. Things to Consider When Visiting Muslims pray five times a day, and all other obligations and responsibilities are scheduled around prayer times. Friday noonday prayers render it the least likely time for you to conduct business.
8 Dating Customs In Other Cultures We Should Follow
Energy , Lifestyle , Relationship By Colleen Jennings If you are from a Western country, you probably have never stopped to consider the amount of contact you have with the opposite sex throughout the course of your daily life. You went to school with boys and girls and spent all your days with friends and family members of both sexes. Sex, and the understanding of it, is flavored by each of these experiences and encounters.
A region notable for its early ancient civilizations, geographically encompassing the modern Middle East, Egypt, and modern Turkey. A collection of Jewish texts (biblical, apocryphal, and sectarian) from around the time of Christ that were preserved near the Dead Sea and rediscovered in the 20th century.
It is true that Muslim women, like women all over the world, have struggled against inequality and restrictive practices in education, work force participation, and family roles. Many of these oppressive practices, however, do not come from Islam itself, but are part of local cultural traditions. To think about the difference between religion and culture, ask yourself if the high rate of domestic violence in the United States is related to Christianity, the predominant religion.
In fact, Islam gives women a number of rights, some of which were not enjoyed by Western women until the 19th century. For example, until , the property of women in England was given to their husbands when they married, but Muslim women always retained their own assets. Muslim women could specify conditions in their marriage contracts, such as the right to divorce should their husband take another wife.
Cousin marriage in the Middle East
Palestinian Social Customs and Traditions June 26, IMEU Palestinian social customs and traditions are similar to those of other Arab countries and date back to when Palestine was a rural, agricultural society and life centered on the village and the farming calendar. There were a few small cities, like Jerusalem, Nablus, Hebron and Gaza, that specialized in the production of goods.
With modernization and increased education levels, social customs began to change as well.
The veil was first adopted from pre-Islamic Byzantine and Persian customs. In most areas, poor and rural women have covered themselves less than urban and elite women. Center for Near Eastern.
Link Airport customs officer It is believed Refojos was linked to several earlier drug importations that have never been recovered by authorities. It is understood that two allegedly corrupt customs officials were at the Woolooware apartment before the raid, but left before the drug squad arrived. A small number of customs officers are also suspected to have helped make drugs out of the pre-cursor chemicals they allegedly smuggled into the country.
One of the alleged key players in the cell is airport customs officer Adrian Paul Lamella. Lamella retained his job at customs despite NSW police alleging in that they discovered him in a car with two other men and five small bags stamped with Playboy bunny logos and filled with cocaine. Also, Lamella’s customs position and security clearance were not affected when Lamella later admitted using a small amount of cocaine.